By Thomas w. Malone
The Surprising Power of People and Computers Thinking Together
Intelligence does not arise only in individual brains; it also arises in groups of individuals. This is collective intelligence: groups of individuals acting collectively in ways that seem intelligent. In recent years, a new kind of collective intelligence has emerged: interconnected groups of people and computers, collectively doing intelligent things. Today these groups are engaged in tasks that range from writing software to predicting the results of presidential elections. This volume reports on the latest research in the study of collective intelligence, laying out a shared set of research challenges from a variety of disciplinary and methodological perspectives. Taken together, these essays—by leading researchers from such fields as computer science, biology, economics, and psychology—lay the foundation for a new multidisciplinary field.
Each essay describes the work on collective intelligence in a particular discipline—for example, economics and the study of markets; biology and research on emergent behavior in ant colonies; human-computer interaction and artificial intelligence; and cognitive psychology and the “wisdom of crowds” effect. Other areas in social science covered include social psychology, organizational theory, law, and communications.
Eytan Adar, Ishani Aggarwal, Yochai Benkler, Michael S. Bernstein, Jeffrey P. Bigham, Jonathan Bragg, Deborah M. Gordon, Benjamin Mako Hill, Christopher H. Lin, Andrew W. Lo, Thomas W. Malone, Mausam, Brent Miller, Aaron Shaw, Mark Steyvers, Daniel S. Weld, Anita Williams Woolley
Draft versions of the book’s chapters are available here
Selected publications based on CCI research
- Thomas W. Malone, Jeffrey V. Nickerson, Robert Laubacher, Laur Hesse Fisher, Patrick de Boer, Yue Han, and W. Ben Towne, Putting the Pieces Back Together Again: Contest Webs for Large-Scale
Problem SolvingCCI Working Paper 2017-001
- Thomas W. Malone and Michael S. Bernstein, editors, Handbook of Collective Intelligence, MIT Press, November 2015
- Anita Woolley, Thomas W. Malone, and Christopher F. Chabris, Why Some Teams are Smarter than Others, New York Times, January 2015
- Peter Gloor, What Email Reveals About Your Organization, Sloan Management Review, Winter 2015
- David Engel, Anita Williams Woolley, Lisa X. Jing, Christopher F. Chabris, and Thomas W. Malone, Reading the mind in the eyes or reading between the lines? Theory of Mind predicts effective collaboration equally well online and face-to-face, PLOS One, December 2014
- Mark Klein and Gregorio Convertino, An Embarrassment of Riches: A Critical Review of Open Innovation Systems, Communications of the ACM, November 2014
- Peter Gloor and Gianni Giacomelli, Reading Global Clients’ Signals, Sloan Management Review, Spring 2014
- Thomas W. Malone, Robert Laubacher, and Laur Fisher, How Millions of People Can Help Solve Climate Change, Nova Next, January 2014
- Abraham Bernstein, Mark Klein, and Thomas W.
Malone,Programming the Global Brain, Communications of the ACM, May 2012
- Yiftach Nagar and Thomas W. Malone, Making Business Predictions by Combining Human and Machine Intelligence in Prediction Markets, Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Systems, December 2011
- Thomas W. Malone, Robert Laubacher, and Tammy Johns, The Age of Hyperspecialization, Harvard Business Review, July-August 2011
- Anita Woolley, Chris Chabris, Sandy Pentland, Nada Hashmi, and Thomas W. Malone, Evidence for a collective intelligence factor in the performance of human groups, Science, October 2010
- Thomas W. Malone, Robert Laubacher, and Chrysanthos Dellarocas, The Collective Intelligence Genome, Sloan Management Review, Spring 2010
- Peter Gloor, Coolfarming: Turn Your Great Idea into the Next Big Thing, Amacom, 2010
- Ornit Raz and Peter Gloor, Size Really Matters—New Insights for Startup’s Survival, Management Science, February 2007
- Thomas W. Malone, The Future of Work: How the New Order of Business Will Shape Your Organization, Your Management Style, and Your Life, Harvard Business School Press, 2004
Additional publications are listed under relevant research projects.
CCI Working Papers for 2012-2018
- Woolley, A. W., Kim, Y., Malone, T.W., Measuring Collective Intelligence in Groups: A Reply to Credé and Howardson. CCI Working Paper 5431-18
- Malone, T. W., Nickerson, J. V., Laubacher, R., Fisher, L. H., de Boer, P., Han, Y., Towne, W. B. Putting the Pieces Back Together Again: Contest Webs for Large-Scale Problem Solving. CCI Working Paper 2017-001
- Duhaime, E., Olson, G. M., and Malone, T. W. Broad participation in collective problem solving can influence participants and lead to better solutions: Evidence from the MIT Climate CoLab. Cambridge, MA. CCI Working Paper 2015-001
- Joshua Introne, Robert Laubacher, Gary Olson, Thomas W. Malone, Solving wicked social problems with socio-computational systems. CCI Working Paper 2013-001
- Engel, D., Kottler, V., Malisi, C., Roettig, M., Willing, E., and S. Schultheiss (2012) (Human Computation 2012), Iterative Sketch Minimization using Crowd-Sourced Feedback. CCI Working Paper 2012-001
- Robert Laubacher, Entrepreneurship and venture capital in the age of collective intelligence. CCI Working Paper 2012-002
- Ivan Marsa-Maestre, Mark Klein, Catholijn M.
Jonkerc, and Reyhan Aydoğanc, From Problems to Protocols: Towards a Negotiation Handbook. CCI Working Paper 2012-003
- Mark Klein, How to Harvest Collective Wisdom on Complex Problems: An Introduction to the MIT Deliberatorium. CCI Working Paper 2012-004
- Joshua Introne, Robert Laubacher, Gary Olson, Thomas W. Malone, The Climate CoLab:
Large scalemodel-based collaborative planning. CCI Working Paper 2011-001
- Yiftach Nagar, Thomas W. Malone, Combining Human and Machine Intelligence for Making Predictions. CCI Working Paper 2011-002
- Joshua Introne, Robert Laubacher, Thomas W. Malone, ROMA: A framework to enable open development methodologies in climate change assessment modeling. CCI Working Paper 2011-003
- Abraham Bernstein, Mark Klein, Thomas W. Malone, Programming the Global Brain. CCI Working Paper 2011-004
- Yiftach Nagar, Beyond the Human-Computation Metaphor, CCI Working Paper 2011-005
- Yiftach Nagar, What Do You Think? The Structuring of an Online Community as a Collective-Sensemaking Process, CCI Working Paper 2011-006
- Stefan Nann, Jonas S. Krauss, Michael Schober, Peter Gloor, Kai Fischbach, Hauke
Fuhres. The Power of Alumni Networks – Success of Startup Companies Correlates with Online Social Network Structure of its Founders. CCI Working Paper 2010-001
- Masamichi Takahashi, JoAnne Yates, George Herman. A comprehensive framework for considering practices and processes. CCI Working Paper 2010-002
- Thomas W. Malone, Robert Laubacher, Chrysanthos Dellarocas. Harnessing Crowds: Mapping the Genome of Collective Intelligence. CCI Working Paper 2009-001
- Masamichi Takahashi, George Herman, Atsushi Ito, Keiichi Nemoto, JoAnne Yates. The Role of Online Community in Relation to Other Communication Channels in a Business Development Case. CCI Working Paper 2009-002, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper 4731-09
- Thomas W. Malone, Robert Laubacher, Josh Introne, Mark Klein, Hal Abelson, John Sterman, and Gary Olson, The Climate Collaboratorium: Project Overview, CCI Working Paper No. 2009-003
- Masamichi Takahashi, JoAnne Yates, George Herman, Atsushi Ito, and Keiichi Nemoto. The Shift from Centralized to Peer-to-Peer Communication in an Online Community: Participants as a Useful Aspect of Genre Analysis. CCI Working Paper 2008-001, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper 4677-08.
- Luca Iandoli and Mark Klein. Can We Exploit Collective Intelligence for Collaborative Deliberation? The Case of the Climate Change Collaboratorium. CCI Working Paper 2008-002, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper 4675-08.
- Mark Klein. Achieving Collective Intelligence via Large-Scale On-Line Argumentation. CCI Working Paper 2007-001, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper 4647-07
- Mark Klein, Peyman Faratin, Hiroki Sayama, and Yaneer Bar-Yam. Negotiating Complex Contracts. CCI Working Paper 2007-002, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper 4196-01
- Hiromitsu Hattori, Mark Klein, and Takayuki Ito. Using Iterative Narrowing to Enable Multi-Party Negotiations with Multiple Interdependent Issues. Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Online Communications, Collaborative Systems, and Social Networks. CCI Working Paper 2007-003, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper 4648-07
- Mark Klein and Claudio Petti. A Handbook-Based Methodology for Redesigning Business Processes. CCI Working Paper 2007-004, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper 4569-06
- Mark Klein, Steven Poltrock, and Mark Handel. A Coordination-Theoretic Approach to Understanding Process Differences. CCI Working Paper 2007-005, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper 4637-07
- Masamichi Takahashi, Masakazu Fujimoto, and Nobuhiro Yamasaki. Active Lurking: Enhancing the Value of In-house Online Communities through the Related Practices around the Online Communities. CCI Working Paper 2007-006, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper 4646-07